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Thursday, 5 July 2012

The Matter of Matters -Post2

<<Post1
What is this place??




This is LHC,
The Large Hadron Collider, is built underground at CERN, which is in Switzerland, but the LHC is so big that part of it goes underneath France. It is between 50 and 175 metres below the ground. 
A garishly lit tunnel ten feet in diameter curves away into the distance, interrupted every few miles by lofty chambers crammed with heavy steel structures, cables, pipes, wires, magnets, tubes, shafts, catwalks, and enigmatic gizmos.
Scientists hope that it will find the Higgs Boson, the only particle predicted to exist by the Standard Model that has not been seen yet. If scientists can find this it will help show that the Standard Model is right and show what the universe is made of.


The LHC starts with hydrogen atoms, and ionizes the atoms' electrons so that protons are left. Protons are parts of atoms with a positive charge. The LHC accelerates these protons through a giant super conducted circular tunnel 17 miles (27 kilometers) long. The protons are moved around the Large Hadron Collider at very high speeds by giant supercooled electromagnets. These magnets have to be very cold to work and they are cooled by a liquid helium. The protons hit one another at close to the speed of light and convert to energy using E=MC2. It then reverses and creates mass.


What is Higgs Boson?
        A theoretical particle thought to be the missing link in the standard model of the universe, which is thought to give mass to all matter. Often called the "God particle".


Bosons are named after a man called Satyendra Nath Bose an indian physicist.
Peter Ware Higgs, a British physicist predicts the existence of the new paticle Higgs Boson.


An engineer leans on a magnet in the 27km-long tunnel that will house the Large Hadron Collider 


The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment will search for the "God particle", or Higgs boson. This image was taken during assembly work in November


The enormous Atlas experiment is about the size of a five-storey building. Like CMS, Atlas will record the head-on collisions between particle beams


This statue of the Hindu deity Shiva was a gift from India. As the only obvious religious symbol at a facility built for science, it has proven controversial
 Image Courtesy : BBC                                                          - To be continued      Post3>>   Post4>>









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